12 Investment Strategies You Should Avoid If You’Re New To Investing


1. Day Trading

Day trading involves buying and selling financial instruments within the same trading day. It requires a lot of knowledge, skills, and experience, which can be overwhelming for new investors. The fast-paced nature of day trading also increases the risk of making impulsive decisions based on emotions rather than careful analysis. It’s essential for day traders to have a solid understanding of technical analysis, market trends, and risk management strategies to navigate the volatile nature of intraday trading successfully.

2. Penny Stocks

While penny stocks may seem attractive due to their low prices, they are extremely volatile and risky. These stocks are often associated with small companies that have limited liquidity and regulatory oversight. New investors should avoid penny stocks as they can lead to significant losses. It’s crucial for investors to conduct thorough research and due diligence before considering any investment in penny stocks to understand the inherent risks and potential rewards involved.

3. Leveraged Trading

Leveraged trading involves borrowing funds to amplify the potential returns of an investment. While it can lead to higher profits in a favorable market, it also magnifies losses in case of downturns. New investors should stay away from leveraged trading until they have a thorough understanding of the risks involved. It’s important to remember that leverage can work both ways, significantly increasing both gains and losses, making it a tool suitable for experienced traders with a robust risk management strategy in place.

4. Options Trading

Options trading involves betting on the price movements of underlying assets within a specific time frame. This strategy requires a deep understanding of options contracts and market dynamics. For new investors, the complexity and potential for significant losses make options trading a risky endeavor. It’s crucial to educate oneself thoroughly on options trading strategies, risk profiles, and market conditions before delving into this sophisticated financial instrument to mitigate potential losses and maximize opportunities.

5. Margin Trading

Margin trading allows investors to borrow money from their brokers to purchase securities. While it can increase purchasing power, it also multiplies the risks involved. New investors should avoid margin trading as it can lead to substantial losses if the market moves against them. The use of margin comes with interest costs and the potential for margin calls, requiring adept risk management skills and a deep understanding of market dynamics to navigate the complexities associated with leveraged investing.

6. Complex Derivatives

Complex derivatives such as swaps, futures, and structured products involve intricate financial instruments with risks that may not be immediately apparent. These investments are suitable for seasoned investors who understand the complexities involved. New investors should steer clear of complex derivatives to avoid unnecessary risks. Delving into complex derivatives without a comprehensive understanding can expose investors to substantial financial losses and unforeseen risks, making it vital to prioritize a thorough education before venturing into such sophisticated investment vehicles.

7. Speculative Investments

Speculative investments focus on potential high returns but come with high risks. Commodities, cryptocurrencies, and startups are examples of speculative investments that can be volatile and unpredictable. New investors should prioritize building a diversified portfolio with less speculative assets. While speculative investments can offer significant rewards, they also carry heightened risks, making it imperative for new investors to strike a balance between risk and reward by diversifying their investment portfolio to mitigate the potential impact of any single asset’s performance on their overall portfolio.

8. Following Hot Tips

Relying on hot investment tips from friends, social media, or self-proclaimed experts can lead to emotional decision-making and herd mentality. It’s essential for new investors to conduct thorough research, evaluate risks, and make informed decisions based on their own financial goals and risk tolerance. Following investment advice without understanding the underlying rationale or conducting independent research can expose investors to undue risks and potentially unsuitable investment choices, underscoring the importance of informed decision-making and diligence in the investment process.

9. Chasing Performance

Investing based on past performance or chasing after recent high-performing assets can be a dangerous strategy. Markets are cyclical, and yesterday’s winners may not repeat their success in the future. New investors should focus on long-term financial planning rather than chasing short-term gains. While it can be tempting to invest in assets that have previously shown strong performance, it’s essential for investors to adopt a long-term perspective and maintain a diversified portfolio that aligns with their financial objectives, risk tolerance, and investment horizon to achieve sustainable growth and weather market fluctuations effectively.

10. Lack of Diversification

A common mistake among new investors is putting all their money into a single asset or sector. Lack of diversification increases the portfolio’s vulnerability to market fluctuations and specific risks. It’s crucial for new investors to diversify their investments across different asset classes to minimize potential losses. Diversification is a fundamental risk management strategy that helps spread risk across various investments, reducing the impact of negative performance in any single asset class and enhancing overall portfolio resilience and stability in the face of market uncertainties.

11. Not Having an Investment Plan

Investing without a clear plan or strategy is a recipe for disaster. New investors should establish their financial goals, risk tolerance, and investment timeline before making any investment decisions. Having a well-defined investment plan helps in making disciplined and rational choices even during market uncertainties. An investment plan lays out a roadmap for achieving financial objectives, guiding investment decisions, and ensuring alignment with individual risk profiles and investment horizon, enabling investors to stay focused, disciplined, and resilient in the face of market volatility and changing economic conditions.

12. Ignoring Your Investment Portfolio

Once you’ve built your investment portfolio, it’s crucial to regularly review and rebalance it. Ignoring your portfolio can lead to missed opportunities, exposure to unnecessary risks, and unoptimized returns. New investors should stay informed about market trends, monitor their investments, and make adjustments when necessary to ensure long-term success. Regularly monitoring and rebalancing an investment portfolio is essential to align with changing financial goals, risk appetites, and market conditions, ensuring that the portfolio remains diversified, optimized, and adaptive to dynamic market environments, ultimately maximizing long-term investment returns and minimizing downside risks.

Franck Saebring

A family man and writer, Franck is passionate about anything tech and science-related.