What’S The Difference Between A Treasury Note And A Treasury Bond?


When it comes to investing in government securities, distinguishing between treasury notes and treasury bonds is crucial. Both instruments are issued by the United States Department of the Treasury, but they differ in terms of maturity and interest rates.

Treasury Notes

Treasury notes typically have maturities ranging from 2 to 10 years, making them intermediate-term securities. They pay interest every six months based on a fixed rate determined at the time of issuance. Investors are attracted to treasury notes for their relatively shorter terms and fixed interest payments, providing a steady income stream over the life of the note. The principal amount invested in treasury notes is repaid in full at maturity, offering investors a predictable return on their investment.

Treasury Bonds

In contrast, treasury bonds have longer maturities that can extend up to 30 years, making them long-term securities. Like treasury notes, treasury bonds also pay interest every six months, but their longer terms often result in higher yields to compensate for the extended maturity period. Treasury bonds are popular among investors seeking long-term investment opportunities, as they offer the potential for higher returns over an extended period. The principal amount invested in treasury bonds is returned in full at maturity, providing investors with a lump-sum payout in addition to periodic interest payments.

Key Differences

The main disparity between treasury notes and treasury bonds lies in their respective maturities and interest rates. Treasury notes are suitable for investors with a shorter investment horizon who prefer regular interest payments and quicker access to their principal amount. On the other hand, treasury bonds are more appealing to investors with a longer-term perspective looking for higher yields and willing to commit their funds for an extended period. Investors must consider their investment horizon, income needs, and risk tolerance when choosing between treasury notes and treasury bonds to align their investment strategy with their financial goals.