Vertigo is an illusion of movement either of the body in space or of space in relation to the body. It is usually related to an inner ear problem.

A person with vertigo has the characteristic sensation of seeing everything revolving around them.

Vertigo can be caused by damage to the peripheral vestibular system (inner ear, vestibular nerve) or central (vestibular centers).

If you are experiencing vertigo, here are some tips to follow:

  • If you are driving, stop immediately. Roll down the window to breathe fresh air.
  • To improve blood circulation, elevate your legs.
  • Avoid sudden movements.
  • If the incident occurs when it is hot, in a confined space or in the middle of a crowd, the discomfort may be due to a lack of oxygen, heat stroke, panic attack, agoraphobia, a strong emotion. Leave the premises as quickly as possible. Breathe fresh air, drink water in small sips and apply a damp cloth to your temples and wrists or a wipe soaked in cologne.
  • If you think that hunger or a hypoglycemic attack might be the cause of this discomfort, drink a sweet drink and eat a little something (preferably sweet).
  • Coffee and alcohol can make dizziness worse. Lack of sleep can lead to a drop in blood pressure and a feeling of dizzy spells.
  • Stress, emotion, temper tantrums, etc. are also to be pointed out. Stress management techniques can be useful: belly breathing, meditation, etc.
  • Taking certain medicines can make you dizzy. This will need to be discussed with your physician in order to adjust the dosage.
Jenny Zhang

Jenny holds a Master's degree in psychiatry from the University of Illinois and Bachelors's degree from the University of Texas in nutritional sciences. She works as a dietician for Austin Oaks Hospital in Austin, Texas. Jenney writes content on nutrition and mental health for the Scientific Origin.