Cumin is a spice that has been used for thousands of years in many cuisines around the world and for good reason, it contains many health benefits, especially in the digestive sphere. In Asia, it is particularly appreciated for its unique taste as much as for its many health benefits. It is known to promote concentration and a clear mind.
The profile of cumin
Water: 8.08 g
Carbohydrates: 33.7 g
Fat: 22.3 g
Protein: 17.8 g
Calcium: 934 mg
Iron: 66.4 mg
Magnesium: 366 mg
Manganese: 3.33 mg
Phosphorus: 499 mg
Beta carotene: 762 µg
Energy: 427 kcal (1780 kJ)
The benefits of cumin:
- Cumin reduces the inflammatory messengers in the brain,
- Improves planning, learning and memory,
- Corrects a lack of adaptability of the brain,
- Protects the brain from toxins.
- Cumin provides antioxidant: many phytochemicals such as flavonoids have an antioxidant effect.
- Promotes digestion
- Cumin is particularly mineral-rich and supplies iron, manganese, copper, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus and zinc.
- Cumin is rich in vitamins: vitamins E, A and C have an antioxidant effect and vitamins B1 (thiamine), B6, B3 (niacin), B2 (riboflavin) stimulate metabolism, are important for blood formation and the nervous system and catch free radicals.
Cumin protects the brain
Cumin contains a substance that supports brain power: cuminaldehyde. If you want a boost when it comes to planning, spatial imagination and memory, adding cumin to your meals, your tea or an essential oil could definitely help.
Cumin is especially useful if you are a little older and your mental performance is waning. But also if you want to protect your brain from toxins. Indeed, all our body cells have a lot to endure in everyday life and this also applies to the brain cells. The consequences are foggy thinking, concentration problems and performance deficits. This is where cumin comes into play by enhancing the performance of the cells.
Anti-aging action and on health in general
Cumin is a spice with a very high antioxidant content: vitamin C, A, polyphenols, terpenes, flavonoids, alkaloids, etc. Its Orac index, which measures its antioxidant capacities, is 50,372. For comparison, pomegranate and blueberry, known to be very antioxidant foods, are respectively 4,479 and 4,669.
Antioxidants help slow oxidative stress, which causes cells to age prematurely, and accelerate the aging of the body, leading to all kinds of aging-related diseases, such as cancer.
In addition to antioxidants, cumin contains thymoquinone, a substance that has been shown to decrease the risk of cancer, particularly colon cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer, cervical cancer in animal studies.
Action against diabetes
Several studies have shown the beneficial effect of cumin on type 2 diabetes.
A study was conducted in India on 3 groups of animals with type 2 diabetes. The first group was given mycumin and the second group was given glibenclamide (Diabeta), anti-diabetic drugs. The third group were given cumin supplementation in the diet.
Result: the 3 groups saw their levels of cholesterol and triglycerides (harmful blood fats) drop. All 3 groups saw significant reductions in HbA1c levels, and lower levels of fat and damaging inflammation in the cells of the pancreas, the organ that makes insulin. The researchers concluded that cumin supplementation was as effective or better than Glibenclamide in treating diabetes.
A study still in India has shown that administering cumin powder to rats with diabetes delayed the progression of cataracts, an eye disease very common in diabetics, caused by high blood sugar.
Cumin helps against stress
Another advantage of cumin is that it supports the control of stress. If you need to cope with something stressful, then the body’s stress response is lower after taking cumin extract. The spice has a strong antioxidant effect and this reduces stress in the body. In addition, this allows you to remember information more quickly. Cumin is even more effective as an antioxidant than vitamin C.
Soothes the intestine
Traditionally, cumin is naturally known for its calming effect on digestion. Cumin stimulates the production of digestive juices and studies have shown that cumin accelerates digestion. Cumin also fights bloating, normalizes both constipation and diarrhea, and in concentrated form may relieve discomfort after two weeks in an irritable bowel syndrome. According to this study, cumin also lowers insulin levels, which prevents diabetes. These results were confirmed again in a 2014 study.
Furthermore, cumin has been found to lower blood sugar, inhibit inflammation, and protect the heart.
The various healing effects were confirmed again in an overview study in 2018. Cumin oil was shown to lower blood sugar, inflammation, lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Cumin was also found to work as an effective antioxidant, which protects against cell damage caused by free radicals and strengthens the immune system in the fight against infections with bacteria and fungi.